Leymah Gbowee

建立非暴力運動以結束利比里亞內戰。

Introduction:

 

2011:

年諾貝爾和平獎員。

Leymah Gbowee 1972 年出生於利比里亞蒙羅維亞,當時是西非最現代化、最先進的城市之一。長大後,Gbowee 夢想成為一名醫生,1990 年高中畢業後,計劃進入利比里亞大學學習醫學。但同年,由查爾斯·泰勒領導的科特迪瓦叛軍士兵進入利比里亞推翻利比里亞總統塞繆爾·多伊。多伊是一位腐敗且暴力的領導人,他根據部落身分嚴重分裂了利比里亞人民。當泰勒和他的部下向蒙羅維亞挺進時,數千人流離失所,成為政府和叛軍士兵強姦、搶劫和暴力的受害者。隨著利比里亞局勢惡化,古博伊和她的家人逃離賴比瑞亞,來到加納的難民營。

1991年,戰鬥結束,古博伊返回利比里亞。 Gbowee 開始幫助農村社區的婦女,她們在戰爭期間遭受了最嚴重的暴力行為;還有“泰勒男孩”,泰勒的手下綁架了兒童並強迫他們成為兒童兵。古博伊對毫無意義的暴力感到憤怒,成為結束戰爭的主要代言人。

古博伊對基督教和穆斯林婦女的宣傳促成了利比里亞婦女大規模和平行動運動。數千名婦女在蒙羅維亞穿著白色衣服抗議,要求和平。這些婦女也阻止了加納陷入僵局的和平談判,直到簽署協議。泰勒辭職並流亡尼日利亞,而古博伊的工作為埃倫·約翰遜·瑟利夫當選非洲第一位女性國家元首鋪平了道路。

2011年,古博伊因結束利比里亞內戰所做的努力而獲得諾貝爾和平獎。身為利比里亞和解倡議的領導人、非洲古博維和平基金會主席、非洲婦女、和平與安全網絡執行董事以及諾貝爾婦女倡議成員,古博伊繼續致力於和平與解決衝突的工作。

Leymah Gbowee 是統一者的一個例子,因為她將人們跨越意識形態分歧聚集在一起,以創造一個安全與和平的社會。她透過向基督教和穆斯林婦女發起“利比里亞婦女大規模和平行動運動”,幫助結束了利比里亞戰爭,數千人在蒙羅維亞舉行抗議,並封鎖了加納的和平談判,直至協議簽署。

正如 Leymah Gbowee 所展示的那樣,統一者進行草根組織,並與那些被視為「異類」或「敵人」的人合作,建立和平與社區。他們意識到每個人所擁有的力量,但他們知道,齊心協力為那些受壓迫的人發聲是創造改變最有效的方式。

Nobel Speech

我們每天都在對抗軍閥、會見獨裁者,並拒絕在 AK 47 和火箭面前保持沉默。當我們沒有交通工具時,我們步行;當我們買不起水時,我們禁食;當危險面前,我們手拉手;當其他人都外交外交時,我們向權力說出真相;當我們和孩子們一起站在風雨和陽光下,告訴世界。我們的教育背景、旅行經驗、信仰和社會階層並不重要。我們有一個共同的議程:立即實現利比里亞和平。當沒有人想到我們會成功時,我們就成功了,我們是那些在追求權力和政治地位的過程中失去良心的人的良心。我們代表了民族的靈魂。沒有人會讓我和我的姊妹們為今天做好準備——我們的掙扎將載入這個世界的歷史。相反,當我們面對軍閥時,我們這樣做是因為我們認為,作為母親,束緊腰間,與戰爭的惡魔作鬥爭,以保護我們孩子的生命、他們的土地和他們的未來,是我們的道義責任。
這個獎項來得正是時候。全球和社區對話的主題是當地社區成員和手無寸鐵的平民如何幫助扭轉我們顛倒的世界。它發生在手無寸鐵的公民——男人和女人、男孩和女孩——正在挑戰獨裁統治、迎來民主和人民主權的時候;致利比里亞婦女和整個西非的姊妹會繼續團結起來應對我們次區域的危機;致亞洲、中東和世界各地的婦女:當我們透過這項認可慶祝我們所取得的成就時,讓我們提醒自己,勝利仍然遙遠。我們必須繼續團結姊妹情誼,化淚水為勝利,化絕望為決心,化恐懼為堅韌。在我們的世界實現完整和平衡之前,沒有時間休息,所有男人和女人都被認為是平等和自由的。

Quotes

  • Peace is not simply the absence of war; it is the presence of justice, of law, of order, in short, of government, of the reign of law.
  • When a woman is crying out for justice, you can't ignore her.
  • A woman's voice is her sword, her most powerful weapon.
  • Peace does not mean to be in a place where there is no noise, trouble, or hard work. It means to be in the midst of those things and still be calm in your heart.
  • Sometimes you have to sit down and really evaluate your voice and your power and understand that you do have what it takes to make a difference.
  • Leadership is not about being in charge. It is about taking care of those in your charge.
  • The greatest lesson I have learned in life is that I am responsible for my own choices.
  • I realized that change doesn't come from just talking about the problems; change comes from taking action.
  • One thing I have learned is that everyone has the capacity for greatness if you give them the opportunity, the encouragement, and the support.
  • No one can make you feel inferior without your consent.
  • Our world becomes a better place when each one of us commits to doing something, no matter how small, to make a difference.
  • Being a peacemaker means being brave enough to face the darkness within yourself, to acknowledge your own pain, and to heal from it.
  • You cannot change the past, but you can shape the future.
  • When we stand together, no challenge is too great, no obstacle is insurmountable.
  • One of the greatest things you can do for yourself is to surround yourself with people who believe in your dreams and uplift your spirit.
  • Forgiveness is not about forgetting. It is about letting go of the hurt and anger that keeps you bound to the past.
  • There is power in the collective voice of women. When we come together, we can move mountains.
  • Real change starts at the community level. It begins with ordinary people stepping up and taking action.
  • The world needs more peace warriors, those who are willing to fight for justice and equality for all.
  • We must teach our children the power of love, compassion, and forgiveness. They are the future peacemakers.
  • Silence is not an option when injustice is happening all around us.
  • We must take care of ourselves first so that we can be strong enough to care for others.
  • When you lift another person up, you rise with them.
  • The world will only change when each one of us takes responsibility for our own actions and choices.
  • Don't let fear hold you back from speaking your truth and pursuing your dreams.
  • It is in the darkest moments that we must find the strength to hold on to hope.
  • You can't change the world alone, but you can inspire others to join you in making a difference.
  • The power of love is greater than the power of hate.
  • The path to peace is paved with empathy, understanding, and a willingness to listen.
  • Never underestimate the strength of a woman who is determined to make a difference in the world.